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Subsystems and Systems

Intermodulation Products for a Mixer Subjected to a Multi-carrier Signal

Use of a nonlinear mixer model to demonstrate how a transient simulation is used to predict the behavior of intermodulation products in a multi-carrier environment
Technical Feature Intermodulation Products for a Mixer Subjected to a Multi-carrier Signal Applying a multi-carrier signal to a mixer leads to a large range of intermodulation products. To perform a link budget of a multi-carrier transmit-receive system, it is important to predict the location and magnitude of those intermodulation...
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Cost-effective Wireless Antenna Measurement Systems

Introduction to two new antenna measurements systems for single- or dual-axis antenna pattern measurements in the wireless frequency ranges
Product Feature Cost-effective Wireless Antenna Measurement Systems MI Technologies Duluth, GA Two new antenna measurement systems have recently been introduced that add to the MI-3600 antenna measurement product line. The MI-3600 family is comprised of 20 antenna measurement systems for single- or dual-axis antenna pattern measurements in the popular...
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A CMOS-based Front-end Downconverter for GPS Applications

Description of a CMOS-based front-end downconverter used to downconvert incoming satellite signals from 1.575 GHz to an intermediate frequency of 1.023 MHz
Product Feature A CMOS-based Front-end Downconverter for GPS Applications Valence Semiconductor Irvine, CA The industry is striving for single-chip Global Positioning System (GPS) designs given the limited real estate available within cell phones, personal digital assistants (PDA) and other consumer electronic devices. Since GPS designs are typically comprised of...
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Antenna Selection to Minimize Pointing Requirements

Use of antenna optimization to ensure antenna pointing requirements are kept to a minimum
Technical Feature Antenna Selection to Minimize Pointing Requirements Traditionally, when designing a satellite communications system, an allowance is made in the link budget for pointing loss. The earth station's antenna size is then selected to achieve the desired gain margin. In this article, a different approach called antenna optimization...
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A Feedforward Power Amplifier with Loops to Reduce RX Band Noise and Intermodulation Distortion

Introduction to a new power amplifier developed to reduce amplified noise and intermodulation distortion signals using a feedforward technique
Technical Feature A Feedforward Power Amplifier with Loops to Reduce RX Band Noise and Intermodulation Distortion This article proposes a new power amplifier approach for the reduction of amplified noise signals in the receiver (RX) band as well as intermodulation distortion signals in the transmitter (TX) band using a...
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Topics in Communication System Design: Carrier Triple Beats

Analysis of carrier triple beats that create third-order intermodulation interference when two or more carriers are present in one channel
Technical Feature Topics in Communication System Design: Carrier Triple Beats Howard Hausman Miteq Inc. Hauppauge, NY Intermodulation interference is typically calculated based on two signals present in the RF or IF bandwidth. When the bandwidth is less than an octave, even-order intermodulation products, such as second- and fourth-order intermodulation...
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A Hardware Multichannel Simulator for Wideband Wireless Systems

Introduction to a wideband multichannel simulator with eight fading channels, 70 MHz RF bandwidth and spatial channel modeling
Product Feature A Hardware Multichannel Simulator for Wideband Wireless Systems Elektrobit Kauniainen, Finland Hardware-based multipath fading simulators have traditionally been used to generate up to two simultaneous fading channels. Mobile network testing and future wireless applications like geolocation, smart antennas and multiple input multiple output (MIMO) systems, however, require...
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Vector Network Analyzers For Measurement to 50 GHz

A new suite of high performance vector network analyzers is featured
Cover Feature Vector Network Analyzers For Measurements to 50 GHz Agilent Technologies Inc. Santa Rosa, CA The HP 8510 vector network analyzer introduced by Hewlett-Packard in 1985 revolutionized microwave measurements by combining advanced techniques for characterizing components with the computational power afforded by the microprocessor. For the first time,...
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An Ultra-linear 3G Power Amplifier

Development of an ultra-linear power amplifier that operates from 2110 to 2170 MHz and delivers 15 W of output power with 45 dB of gain
Product Feature An Ultra-linear 3G Power Amplifier Unity Wireless Systems Corp. Burnaby, B.C., Canada Fig. 1 The amplifier's typical intermodulation performance. Third Generation (3G) wireless is the next phase in wireless communications, defined by the migration to packet-switched networks at high speed data rates. 3G capability will be a...
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Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex Overview

Explanation of the improvement gained by applying space diversity techniques to the orthogonal frequency division multiplex system in a multipath fading environment
Technical Feature Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex Overview Ali Zamanian Fluor Corp. Wireless broadband, also called wireless cable, was developed to provide local access to small business and residential users for the delivery of high quality digital data, video and voice services. Orthogonal frequency division multiplex (OFDM) is a modulation...
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