White Papers

Analog Devices

A Quantitative Analysis of the Power Advantage of Hybrid Beamforming for Multi-Beam Phased Array Receivers

In this article, a comparison focused on the power efficiency of analog, digital, and hybrid beamforming architectures is presented. A detailed equation-based model for the power consumption of the three architectures was developed for a receive phased array. The model clearly illustrates the contributions of various components to the total power consumption and how the power scales with various array parameters. A comparison of power consumption per beam-bandwidth product for the different array architectures shows the advantage of the hybrid approach for millimeter wave phased arrays with a large number of elements.


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Fortify

Applications Guide to 3D Printed Low-Loss Dielectric Structures Addressing Microwave/mmWave Challenges

Traditional fabrication approaches of Microwave/mmWave devices have material, geometry, tolerance, and/or repeatability challenges. New 3D printable resins with desirable Microwave/mmWave characteristics are enabling 3D DLP manufacturing of low-loss and low-dielectric constant material for prototyping and production. This whitepaper discusses applications of this 3D dielectric structure fabrication process.


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Rohde and Schwarz

Step-by-step Guide: Advanced Probing in DDR3/DDR4 Memory Design

For reliable and efficient system YOUR TASK verification and debug of DDR3/DDR4 memory designs, comprehensive compliance test and analysis tools are required. While measurement capability and usability are critical to speed up the verification and debug process, it is equally important to choose the right probing solution and use advanced techniques to improve overall measurement accuracy.


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Samtec

Wideband RF Launches:  Much more than Footprints on PCBs

As the demand for higher frequencies and wider bandwidths continue their relentless march upward, RF connectors need to keep up with, or even exceed, demands. Mating the RF connector to a PCB or substrate requires careful consideration of several factors to get the full performance out of the connector. This white paper will provide an understanding of what makes successful launches work, what knobs to turn, and design guidelines to make connector launches perform well as the industry moves toward 100 GHz bandwidths.


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Rohde and Schwarz

5G Evolution - on the Path to 6G

5G is now and what’s next? As a new generation of cellular technology typically appears every 8-10 years, 6G can be expected around 2030. Download this white paper to explore the evolution from 5G to 6G from a service, air interface and network perspective.


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thinkRF

Persistent Spectrum Monitoring

This article will introduce the three trends driving the need for persistent spectrum monitoring before comparing the benefits of a proactive approach to traditional RF drive tests which are often reactive and capture only a brief snapshot of the wireless environment. It will conclude by highlighting some of the key features and performance requirements RF Engineers should consider when comparing RF receivers.


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Remcom

XFdtd Analyzes Complex Beam Steering Antenna Arrays

Remcom’s XFdtd® Electromagnetic Simulation Software contains analysis tools for rapidly characterizing the performance of arrays of antennas for beamforming and beam steering applications. This whitepaper demonstrates how unique features like superposition and array optimization simplify the process for understanding device performance by providing efficient ways to validate array coverage.


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