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Software & CAD

Design and Prototyping of a Transimpedance Front-end Amplifier for Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing Circuits

Development of an optical power monitor for use in dense wavelength division multiplexing circuits using a logarithmic operational amplifier transimpedance front-end amplifier
Technical Note Design and Prototyping of a Transimpedance Front-end Amplifier for Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing Circuits As part of the development of an optical power monitor for use in dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) circuits, the effectiveness of a logarithmic operational amplifier transimpedance front-end amplifier was investigated, and the...
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Fast Design of Cross-coupled Filter Substructures

Demostration of how three-dimensional electromagnetic analysis can speed up the realization process of cascaded tri-section bandpass filters
Application Note Fast Design of Cross-coupled Filter Substructures Cross-coupled narrow bandpass filters with asymmetric transmission zeros can be realized in cascaded tri-section topology.1,2,3 Each tri-section creates a single transmission zero below or above the passband. The realization of resonator tri-sections is relatively difficult due to the interaction between the...
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PLL Synthesizers: A Switching Speed Tutorial

Overview of switching speed as it relates to the design of phase locked loop synthesizers
Tutorial PLL Synthesizers: A Switching Speed Tutorial Bar-Giora Goldberg Peregrine Semiconductor Corp. San Diego, CA The phase noise and noise floor of signals is a fundamental property and a constant challenge in the design of radio and wireless networks. Traditionally, phase noise has been the main concern of phase...
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Integrating System and Circuit Simulation Capabilities

Introduction to Microwave Office 2002, the most recent version of the popular design suite
PRODUCT FEATUREĀ  Integrating System and Circuit Simulation Capabilities Applied Wave Research Inc. (AWR) El Segundo, CA Version 5.0 of Microwave Office Design Suite will begin shipping in the fourth quarter of this year. The new release, called Microwave Office 2002, includes integrated system simulation capabilities that close the gap...
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Exploring a Three-dimensional Universe

A new three dimensional electromagnetic field simulation software package is featured on this month's cover
COVER FEATURE Exploring a Three-dimensional Universe CST of America Inc. Wellesley, MA Engineers are branching out. Gone are the days when 3D electromagnetic fields belonged to the specialized domain of antenna and cavity filter designers. Today's higher frequencies and the compact nature of designs are forcing engineers to take...
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Finite Element Determination of the Intrinsic Small-signal Equivalent Circuit of MESFETs

Description of a theoretical procedure used to calculate the intrinsic elements of a FET small-signal equivalent circuit
TECHNICAL FEATURE Finite Element Determination of the Intrinsic Small-signal Equivalent Circuit of MESFETs The finite element time domain method is used to determine the intrinsic elements of a broadband, small-signal equivalent circuit (SSEC) of FETs. The values of the different elements are calculated from the Y parameters of the...
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A Method of Measuring Large-signal S-parameters of High Power Transistors

Determination of large-signal scattering parameters of high power transistors from measured data during normal operation
TECHNICAL FEATURE A Method of Measuring Large-signal S-parameters of High Power Transistors A measurement method for scattering parameters (S-parameters) of high power transistors is presented. The proposed method directly determines the S-parameters of high power transistors by measuring overall gain, phase and S-parameters of input and output matching network...
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Design of a Planar Microstrip Balun at S-band

Design, simulation and measured results of a planar microstrip balun at S-band
TECHNICAL FEATURE Design of a Planar Microstrip Balun at S-band An innovation for the Marchand balun model is presented. The structure of the designed planar microstrip matching circuit is fairly simple, practical and easily fabricated without requiring complex multiple metal or dielectric layers. Moreover, the designed balun performs well....
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Using APLAC to Simulate an RFIC Mixer

Use of the APLAC Design Suite to simulate integrated mixer circuitry
PRODUCT FEATURE ="BANNER"> Using APLAC to Simulate an RFIC Mixer APLAC Solutions Inc. Irving, TX Mixers are important RF elements in modern communication devices. As the size of devices is reduced, RF integration is increased. Using the APLAC Design Suite, integrated mixer circuitry can be simulated using the RFIC...
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* Two Novel Radar Vehicle Detectors for the Replacement of a Conventional Loop Detector

Introduction to intrusive and non-intrusive radar vehicle detectors developed at 24 GHz
TECHNICAL FEATURE Two Novel Radar Vehicle Detectors for the Replacement of a Conventional Loop Detector In this article, intrusive and non-intrusive radar vehicle detectors, compatible with existing inductive loop detectors (ILD) without any modification of the communication algorithm, have been developed at 24 GHz. The intrusive detector is based...
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