Articles by Rohde & Schwarz

5G Evolution – on the Path to 6G

5G is now and what’s next? As a new generation of cellular technology typically appears every 8-10 years, 6G can be expected around 2030. Download this white paper to explore the evolution from 5G to 6G from a service, air interface and network perspective.


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App Note: Basic RF Amplifier Measurements using the R&S® ZNB Vector Network Analyzer and “SMARTerCal”

The family of ZNB vector network analyzers (VNA) from Rohde & Schwarz are the perfect instruments for analyzing RF amplifier small signal linear and non-linear performance. This application note presents information on how to configure and use the R&S® ZNB vector network analyzer to successfully make accurate and quick measurement of basic RF amplifier parameters.


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App Note: Basic RF Amplifier Measurements using the R&S® ZNB Vector Network Analyzer and “SMARTerCal”

The family of ZNB vector network analyzers (VNA) from Rohde & Schwarz are the perfect instruments for analyzing RF amplifier small signal linear and non-linear performance. This application note presents information on how to configure and use the R&S® ZNB vector network analyzer to successfully make accurate and quick measurement of basic RF amplifier parameters.


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Comparison of Time Domain Scans and Stepped Frequency Scans in EMI Test Receivers

Taking the R&S ESR EMI test receiver as an example, this paper looks at a CISPR 16-1-1- compliant test instrument with time domain scanning capabilities. The paper compares the measurement speed and level measurement accuracy of a conventional stepped frequency scan versus an advanced FFT-based time domain scan. It also contains guidance on making optimum use of time domain scans.


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EMI Test Receivers

Comparison of Time Domain Scans and Stepped Frequency Scans in EMI Test Receivers

Taking the R&S ESR EMI test receiver as an example, this paper looks at a CISPR 16-1-1- compliant test instrument with time domain scanning capabilities. The paper compares the measurement speed and level measurement accuracy of a conventional stepped frequency scan versus an advanced FFT-based time domain scan. It also contains guidance on making optimum use of time domain scans.


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Antenna Array Testing - Conducted and Over the Air: The Way to 5G

5G networks will need to offer more capacity and flexibility while lowering the operational expenses of the system. Two new technologies can simultaneously address both the increase in capacity and the increase in energy efficiency: Virtualization & Massive MIMO. The white paper provides an overview of test solutions addressing current and future requirements for antenna verification including both conducted and over-the-air (OTA) test methods, which result from applying Massive MIMO antenna technology.


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