Whitepapers

RF Basics & Real Time

An RF link budget is used to account for all the gains and losses in a telecommunication system — from the transmitter, through the medium (free space, cable, waveguide, fiber, and more), to the receiver. By accounting for the attenuation of the transmitted signal as it propagates through the communication channel, system designers can determine the required signal strength and antenna gain necessary to overcome all feedline and miscellaneous losses in order to ensure an appropriate quality of signal for successful data transmission.


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RF and Microwave Material Measurements: Techniques and Applications

Continual demand to accurately measure dielectric and magnetic properties of material is a common need and apparent in our everyday lives. There is a need to quantitatively characterize material properties at RF and microwave frequencies. Learn more about the use of vector network analyzers (VNAs) as flexible and versatile tools to accurately and quantitatively characterize material properties and showcase the broad applicability of the VNA as a tool to accurately do this at high frequencies. Learn techniques and applications of RF and microwave material measurements.


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Is Your Handset RF Ready for 5G?

Accelerating 5G standards development is creating pressure for smartphone manufacturers to add 5G new radio (NR) support to handset designs. 5G introduces new challenging requirements and initial mobile deployments will create additional complex RF challenges. Innovative new RF solutions will be required to solve the complex challenges of 5G.


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Introduction into Theory of Direction Finding

There is a growing requirement for determining the location of emitters in radiomonitoring, security services, military intelligence, etc. Spectral components used in spread-spectrum techniques can only be allocated to a specific emitter if the direction is known. Direction finding is therefore an indispensable first step in radiodetection.


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Antenna Basics

This white paper describes the basic functionality of antennas. Starting with Hertz's Antenna model followed by a short introduction to the fundamentals of wave propagation, the important general characteristics of an antenna and its associated parameters are explained.


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