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Test and Measurement

A Revolution in the Time Domain

A new modeling and design package for time domain software is featured on this month's cover
CST MICROWAVE STUDIO® Version 4 (CST MWS) is a major new release of the company's flagship 3D EM microwave modeling and design package. Over 1400 changes, enhancements and new features have been added to make this already powerful tool truly comprehensive and an invaluable resource. The microwave design engineer...
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The Receiver Noise Equation: A Method for System Level Design of an RF Receiver

Introduction to a new equation used to simplify the system level design of an RF receiver
Noise is a limiting factor for sensitive reception. In recent communication receivers, noise, along with many external factors, including intermodulation, reciprocal mixing and spurious response, may disturb the sensitive reception of the desired signal. Thus, much consideration for the noise and other factors that disturb the signal reception and...
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A Graded-gap Gunn Diode Voltage Controlled Oscillator for Adaptive Cruise Control

Introduction to a surface-mount, substrate-based Gunn diode voltage controlled oscillator for use in a 77 GHz frequency-modulated continuous wave radar sensor
Microwave sensors are increasingly finding commercial applications, particularly in the automotive industry. Here, advanced features are used to distinguish vehicles, while safety is a major consideration in new car purchases. Therefore, it is not surprising that radar technology has been adopted and implemented in adaptive cruise control (ACC) systems....
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Q- and V-band MMIC Low Noise Amplifiers

Demonstration of a design method for Q- and V-band low noise amplifiers based on a distributed pHEMT model and exact simulation
Technical Feature Q- and V-band MMIC Low Noise Amplifiers This article describes MMIC low noise amplifiers for millimeter-wave applications using 0.15 µ m pHEMT technology. The design emphasis is on the active device model. The deficiency of conventional device models is identified. A distributed device model has been adapted...
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Fibercom Clock Timing - A Review of PLL Solutions

Presentation of the emergence of photonic timing devices using phase-locked loops (PLL) for signal generation with challenges in jitter performance, size, power and cost
Tutorial Fibercom Clock Timing - A Review of PLL Solutions Bar-Giora Goldberg Peregrine Semiconductor Corp. San Diego, CA The fiber optics telecommunications market (called here photonics) has experienced huge growth in the last few years. Being a two-level digital transmission format, the requirements for clocking, timing, retiming and sometimes...
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A 2.4 GHz Polarization-diversity Planar Printed Dipole Antenna for WLAN and Wireless Communication Applications

Presentation of the design simulation, fabrication and measured performance of a 2.4 GHz polarization-diversity planar printed dipole antenna for wireless communication applications
Technical Feature A 2.4 GHz Polarization-diversity Planar Printed Dipole Antenna for WLAN and Wireless Communication Applications This article presents the design simulation, fabrication and measured performance of a 2.4 GHz polarization-diversity printed dipole antenna for wireless communication applications. Two orthogonal printed dipole antennas, each with a microstrip via-hole balun...
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A Modern Militarized Rubidium Frequency Standard

Development of a new generation of rubidium frequency standards for use in tactical military applications
Product Features A Modern Militarized Rubidium Frequency Standard Datum Inc. Beverly, MA The last decade has seen widespread use of commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) electronic equipment in military applications, allowing modern technology to be utilized quickly and less expensively. For the most part, this process has been successful provided that the...
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An Eight-channel YIG-tuned Frequency Synthesizer Array

Development of a new YIG-based frequency synthesizer array that provides up to eight independent frequency channels
Product Feature An Eight-channel YIG-tuned Frequency Synthesizer Array Micro Lambda Wireless Inc. Fremont, CA Low phase noise is a staple of modern communication systems signal sources. For that reason system designers prefer yttrium iron garnet (YIG)-based sources. In addition, many of today's communications systems are required to operate at...
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A Low Cost Oscillator for Fiber-optic Applications

Introduction to a new oscillator for use in synchronous optical network applications
Product Feature A Low Cost Oscillator for Fiber-optic Applications A new, low cost oscillator has been introduced for use in synchronous optical network (SONET/SDH) OC-192 applications. The new frequency source utilizes an ultra-low noise active device technology that allows the oscillator to achieve very low overall phase noise performance....
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Output Power Improvement of a Push-push FET DRO by Using an Additional DR

Measurement of the output power level and phase noise property of nine conventional push-push dielectric resonator oscillators (DRO) incorporating an additional DR
Technical Note Output Power Improvement of a Push-push FET DRO by Using an Additional DR In this article, the output power level and phase noise properties of nine conventional push-push dielectric resonator oscillators (DRO) have been experimentally investigated while adding an identical dielectric resonator (DR) at the drain ports....
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