Featured White Papers


Is your Signal Generator Agile Enough for your RADAR System testing?

When testing radars, it is often necessary to use a signal generator to test up/downconverter chains.  Frequency switching speed is important when evaluating an agile system, or simply to minimize test time. This whitepaper will describe the challenges and a solution that provides low phase noise and fast switching speed.
Teledyne e2v

Feasibility Study of a Fully-Digital Multi-Band SAR System Operating at L, C, X and Ku Bands

The purpose of this paper is to introduce the feasibility study of a multi-band SAR based on an emerging Teledyne e2v’s proprietary Digital to Analogue Converter (DAC) and Analogue to Digital Converter (ADC) capable of direct signal generation and direct synthesis up to Ka-band.

Assessing 5G Radar Altimeter Interference for Realistic Instrument Landing System Approaches

The safe rollout of new 5G services using C-band spectrum near airports requires realistic modeling of radio propagation to mitigate potential interference with legacy radar altimeters. In this whitepaper, Wireless InSite provides a realistic assessment of radar altimeter interference due to emissions from 5G base stations along a landing approach.
Copper Mountain

VNA Measurement for High-Speed Digital Signal Integrity

Systems utilizing high-speed digital signals are ubiquitous and necessary parts of everyday life. For the designer or informed consumer, it is important to understand how to analyze transport media to obtain optimal performance. This article examines digital signal analysis methodology using a VNA.


This white paper provides a technology deep dive into the architecture, protocols and physical layer of 5G NR V2X communications in line with 3GPP Release 16. 
Richardson RFPD

RF System Design Accelerators: Hardware Development Tools to Speed Time-to-Market and Reduce Risk

RF and radio system development is becoming more complex at a time that technical support is becoming more diffused. Design Accelerator hardware development tools can speed design and development. This paper presents how Design Accelerators reduce design time, an analysis of how different types of accelerator boards serve different development needs (from designing waveforms or developing software, to proving concepts and prototyping), as well as an exploration of the different levels of integration available in accelerator boards.
Copper Mountain

Introduction to the Metrology of VNA Measurement

A VNA measures reflection coefficients of RF devices and systems. To be very meticulous, each measurement should be accompanied by an uncertainty with a specified statistical confidence interval. To understand the measurement uncertainty, or accuracy, it is important to understand the contributing factors, which are explored in this white paper.
Rohde and Schwarz USA

Application Note: Receiver Testing: Noise, Interferers and Channel Simulation

Our daily activities rely on a wide range of radio-frequency (RF) receivers. These are designed to achieve certain performance requirements and meet published specifications though often in a test lab environment. Learn how to ensure reliable operation, testing with nonideal or impaired signals and more from Rohde & Schwarz experts.
Rohde and Schwarz

Conformance test failed. What now?

Conformance tests are performed on serial data interfaces such as USB, HDMI and PCI Express to ensure interoperability between electronic devices and accessories. In cases where signal integrity problems are encountered, the R&S®RTP oscilloscope supports root cause analysis by providing powerful tools such as eye diagrams, jitter and noise separation as well as time domain reflectometry.

When to Use S-parameters for High-frequency Circuit Simulations

Understanding the meaning of S-parameters, how they are measured, and their limitations can lead to more meaningful simulations of RF- and microwave-frequency inductors, chokes, wideband RF transformers, and high-speed common mode chokes. This document describes how S-parameters are generated and how to best apply them to your simulations.