White Papers

How to Ensure Reliability of Passive Components in GaN MMICs

Higher thermal conductivity and breakdown voltage makes GaN MMICs a key ingredient in the most critical aerospace, military, and satellite designs. However, while GaN on SiC RF technology is achieving widespread adoption in military and aerospace systems, reliability is a crucial requirement along with performance and affordability.

Introduction to the Vehicle-to-Everything Communications Service V2X Feature in 3GPP Release 14

Understand the basics on C-IST use cases and applications, the related system architecture and get a deep drive into the LTE based V2X protocol stack for out-of-coverage communication and synchronization. Get an insight into the physical resources and their assignment as well as the medium access control layer (MAC).

Phased Array Antenna Patterns—Part 1: Linear Array Beam Characteristics and Array Factor

With the proliferation of digital phased arrays in commercial and aerospace and defense applications, there are many engineers working on various aspects of the design who have limited phased array antenna familiarity.

Microwave Power Solutions for All Missions

Leonardo Microwave Power Solutions Department offers a complete set of high power microwave products developed and provided by the LEONARDO Electronics Division team based in Palermo (Italy) since 1956, for the production of high power vacuum electronic devices. In the 90s the product range was expanded with the introduction of chip and wire technology for microwave microelectronics hybrid integrated circuits, modules and sub-assemblies.

New Space Applications Add to Mix of Space-Qualified Crystal Oscillators

The low-earth orbit (LEO) satellite realm has spawned an entirely new class of devices requiring innovations in crystal oscillator products to meet performance and price benchmarks. Manufacturers of space-qualified crystal oscillators, like Q-Tech, have developed a range of devices (XO, TCXO, VCXO, and others) to provide optimized price and performance for each orbital application. This paper will delve into the subject with the objective of providing an informed understanding of the elements that go into device selection.

Basic RF Amplifier Measurements Using the R&S® ZNB Vector Network Analyzer and “SMARTerCal”

The family of ZNB vector network analyzers (VNA) from Rohde & Schwarz are the perfect instruments for analyzing RF amplifier small signal linear and non-linear performance. This application note presents information on how to configure and use the R&S® ZNB vector network analyzer to successfully make accurate and quick measurement of basic RF amplifier parameters.

720 Hrs Salt Spray Corrosion Resistance Platings for RF Connectors

This white paper evaluates traditional state of the art platings as well a new proprietary plating, SURO720, developed in partnership by HUBER+SUHNER and Rosenberger.

Wideband, High-Power GaN PAs in SMT Packages Preserve Electrical and Thermal Performance While Simplifying Design

This paper discusses gallium nitride as the preferred technology over gallium arsenide for facilitating power levels up to 10 watts and providing superior performance with simpler handling and assembly requirements. Topics include circuit design implications for these higher power levels, surface mount packaging for simplified design, performance examples and applications.

5G Evolution – On the Path to 6G: Expanding the Frontiers of Wireless Communications

3GPP 1) defined the fifth generation (5G) cellular technology in Release 15 to meet ITU’s IMT-2020 2) performance requirements and to enable a variety of services associated with usage scenarios such as enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB), ultra-reliable low latency communications (URLLC) and massive machine type communications (mMTC).

Advanced BAW Filter Technology and Its Impact on 5G

Global rollouts of 5G, and the expansion of the Internet of Things, creates significant new RF filtering challenges and Qorvo’s bulk acoustic wave (BAW) filters have advanced to solve them. They’ve evolved to support higher frequencies and increased bandwidth, utilize complex multi-filter modules, and mitigate the small form factor dilemma.
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