White Papers

Making History: Advanced System in a Package Technologies Enable Direct RF Conversion

RF data conversion systems are experiencing rapid changes as ADC and DAC performance specifications and form factors, along with new sensor technologies (Rx & Tx), continue to advance. One system level design problem has been consistent throughout—balancing the implementation tradeoffs between the analog and digital circuitry for maximum software/system flexibility (from sensor to the digital processing units’ input/output).

Application Note: Electronic Warfare Signal Generation Technologies and Methods

Get better signal generation for electronic warfare in multi-emitter environments. Our flexible, high-fidelity solutions offer an alternative that will help you with accuracy and productivity. Download the EW Signal Generation application note today to learn about new technological approaches.

How to Speed Up Large-Scale EM Simulation of ICs Without Comprising Accuracy

Accurate modeling and fast simulation of integrated passives on chips with growing RF content is critical. Read this Cadence white paper to learn how you can get highest-in-class accuracy and 10X faster EM simulation with foundry-certified technology.

5G Evolution – on the Path to 6G

5G is now and what’s next? As a new generation of cellular technology typically appears every 8-10 years, 6G can be expected around 2030. Download this white paper to explore the evolution from 5G to 6G from a service, air interface and network perspective.

Wilkinson Power Dividers and Feed Networks: A Brief Overview

The Wilkinson Power Divider, designed by Ernest Wilkinson in the 1960s, uses quarter wave transformers to split an input signal into two equal phase output signals. Since the design is reciprocal, Wilkinson Power Dividers can also be used as a power combiner. With this flexibility, they are widely used in many RF and microwave communication systems, including those with multiple channels or complex feed networks.

App Note: Basic RF Amplifier Measurements using the R&S® ZNB Vector Network Analyzer and “SMARTerCal”

The family of ZNB vector network analyzers (VNA) from Rohde & Schwarz are the perfect instruments for analyzing RF amplifier small signal linear and non-linear performance. This application note presents information on how to configure and use the R&S® ZNB vector network analyzer to successfully make accurate and quick measurement of basic RF amplifier parameters.

Measuring Millimeter Wave Materials for 5G and Advanced Sensing

With the rapid growth of wireless communication and sensing, there has been increased development of technologies at ever higher frequencies or smaller wavelengths. For example, high bandwidth communication addressed in the 5th Generation (5G) cellular network standards has motivated the opening of spectrum within the K and Ka bands (18-40 GHz). Whether repurposing existing lower frequency materials or developing new higher-frequency optimized materials, component developers need accurate material properties to use in their component designs.

Application Note: Easily Find Elusive Signal Faults with a Fault Hunter Infiniium EXR-Series Oscilloscopes

Discover the first-of-its-kind oscilloscope feature that characterizes your signal, finds errors, and identifies them. Fault Hunter helps you perform root cause analysis and save hours of test time. Whether you are a new scope user or seasoned pro, you need an oscilloscope that can help you quickly troubleshoot your designs.

App Note: Crystal Oscillator Based Clean-Up Modules

Modern electronic equipment like Radar, Test and Measurement, Instrumentation, Avionics, require precision frequency sources with low phase noise. Although frequency accuracy and precision can be derived from atomic clocks, low phase noise often is not. NEL Frequency Controls Clean-Up VCXO bridges the gap by offering a complementary low phase noise solution to go along with use of atomic clocks. NEL’s application note “Crystal Oscillator Based Clean-up Modules” addresses improving the phase noise of atomic clocks as well as other types of precision frequency sources.

Smart IoT Applications and Environments: Key Antenna Considerations in Designing Your Smart Ecosystem

In this trend paper, TE will cover technological challenges, explore specific demands, and share considerations for selecting the optimal antenna for IoT applications. Key Highlights: How the growing use cases of IoT are posing challenges for wireless connectivity Insights on smart building and smart tracking applications trends and challenges