Industry News

A High Power, High Speed 100 MHz Programmable Tuner

In 2003 Focus Microwaves introduced its iTuner computer-controlled electro-mechanical microwave tuner product line. At the time it featured a frequency range of 0.2 to 18 GHz, and was completely self-contained and fully calibrated as a result of the powerful internally housed micro-controller. This innovative new device revolutionized production testing...
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Nonlinear Diode Models for Enhanced Simulation Accuracy

A library of robust models featuring substrate scalability and temperature dependence is now available for surface-mount diodes. The Modelithics Nonlinear Diode (NLD™) Library contains a compilation of measurement validated nonlinear diode models developed from I-V, C-V, small- and large-signal S-parameter characterization data. Over-temperature testing, combined with Modelithics’ patent-pending substrate-scalability...
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A CAD Algorithm for RF/Microwave Interconnect Modeling

This article presents a numerical technique (CAD) to model and analyse interconnects encountered in the design of high speed/high frequency analog RF/microwave circuits with mixed, lumped and distributed elements to be implemented on-chip. In this meth...
Because of the rapid growth in density and complexity of modern integrated circuit interconnects, modeling has been a requirement in circuit design and simulations. On-chip interconnects have achieved a dominant role, especially in determining the performance of RF and monolitic microwave integrated circuits (MMIC). In the last two decades,...
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A CAD-oriented Approach to Design of Load Impedance and Input Matching in Active Transmitting Antennas

This article discusses a general computer-aided design (CAD) approach to obtain the optimal fundamental load impedance and design the input matching circuits for an active integrated antenna of the transmitting type. A case study of a design for 1.6 GH...
An active integrated antenna (AIA) may be defined as a system in which an active device, usually a transistor, is closely integrated within an antenna, using a minimum of intervening circuitry. In recent years, AIAs have been considered a useful approach for improving performance and reducing size in front-end...
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De-embedding Using a Vector Network Analyzer Including Calibration and Measurement Techniques

The inclusion of adapters and test fixtures in a measurement setup is often necessary even if the consequence is less accuracy. De-embedding the device characteristics has been traditionally the most effective method of minimizing the negative effects. However, the process of de-embedding has been a laborious, expensive procedure restricted...
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The Importance of Sweep Rate in DC IV Measurements

The importance of taking due care in setting up IV measurement sweep rate is explored for the case of a GaAs MESFET and a silicon MOSFET. A numerical metric, called the normalized difference unit (NDU), is shown to be useful in determining appropriate ...
The DC IV characterization of a device is important in predicting RF operation. DC IV results predict the quiescent bias and low frequency IV characteristics for a device, while in some cases they can be corrected to represent RF characteristics at a given quiescent bias point. 1,2 In addition,...
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