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The Book End

Commercial Wireless Circuits and Components Handbook Mike Golio, Editor CRC Press LLC 402 pages; $99.95 ISBN: 0-8493-1564-6 This book provides, in a single volume, comprehensive coverage of microwave and wireless circuits and components design. It can serve as a starting point for any project involving design, development or acquisition...
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A High Frequency Broadband Filter

X2Y® technology is a new balanced component capable of high frequency performance across a broad frequency range. The component uses a standard ceramic capacitor with subtle, but important modifications to its structure. These structural changes create a circuit inside the capacitor that is capable of broadband electromagnetic interference (EMI)...
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A Low Power Consumption Architecture for Mobile Phones Above 1800 MHz

The satisfaction that mobile phones can provide is highly dependent on their autonomy. For this reason, many efforts are being made to improve this property. A particular architecture for telecommunication receivers has been designed and is described i...
The satisfaction that mobile phones can provide is highly dependent on their autonomy. Three factors can be easily identified which have a strong influence on autonomy: the power consumption of the mobile phone, the intensity of the electromagnetic field near the mobile and the battery capacity. The first of...
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Application of GTEM Cells to Wireless Communication Transceiver Designs

The GTEM cell has been widely accepted as a sufficient tool in electromagnetic compatibility for both radiated susceptibility tests and radiated emission tests. In this article, the relationships among basic quantities such as input power, electric fie...
The gigahertz transverse electromagnetic mode (GTEM) cell was first proposed in 1987 1 and subsequently patented in 1989 by D. Konigstein and D. Hansen 2 as a high frequency variant of the transverse electromagnetic mode (TEM) cell, which is also known as the Crawford cell. 3 The GTEM cell...
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Generating a Plane Wave in the Near Field with a Planar Array Antenna

This article presents a method of generating an approximate plane wave in the near field using a planar phased array antenna. Optimized complex array weights are found using a genetic algorithm and a least squares solution. The genetic algorithm (GA) p...
Measuring far field antenna patterns requires separating the transmit antenna and the antenna under test (AUT) by a large distance in order to minimize the field amplitude and phase variations across the test aperture. When the AUT is many wavelengths across, the far field distance becomes quite large. Thus,...
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A Universal Oscillator Analysis Technique that Accurately Estimates Frequency and Output Power

During the last few decades, many different oscillator models and analysis techniques have been presented. From the negative impedance model, cavity type and DROs to the general feedback type, all oscillators have one common property. They are nonlinea...
Generally, an oscillator can be seen as a positive feedback system. It usually consists of an amplifier followed by a resonator, which is fed back to the amplifier input, as shown in Figure 1 . The amplifier task is to compensate for the losses in the resonator, and the...
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