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Subsystems and Systems

AWGN Generators with Precise Control of Resolution and Noise Density

Additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) has proven itself over the years as a simple yet extremely valuable tool in measurements ranging from BER and SINAD testing to wireless link emulation and the overall characterization of communications receiver performance. The unique characteristics of AWGN are becoming even more useful now...
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Cross-modulation in a CDMA Mobile Phone Receiver

Determining cross-modulation interference is an important factor in the design of a code division multiple access (CDMA) mobile transceiver. The cross-modulation interference level directly affects the performance of the receiver's ability to overcome the spurious interferences, such as what the IS-98 1 calls single tone desensitization. A few papers...
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The Concept of Predistortion

The intention of this article is to provide a tool for the design of a predistorter, a component intended to correct unwanted nonlinear effects in power amplifiers. In order to come up with a design, a concept of predistortion is discussed. The conclus...
This article continues the trend of previous publications, 1,2 to simplify the prediction of RF performance of systems designed for wireless digital communications. The first shows the correlation between sidelobes and intermodulation (IM) products. Sidelobes are the result of the spectrum re-growth when a digitally modulated signal is applied...
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Radio On a Chip for Affordable Wireless Networking

A new Radio On a Chip (ROC) has been developed to meet the needs of the emerging short range and low data rate wireless link market. The HRF-ROC093XC ROC has been introduced for wireless, digital data applications in a broad arena of industries. This radio operates in the 902...
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A Low Power Consumption Architecture for Mobile Phones Above 1800 MHz

The satisfaction that mobile phones can provide is highly dependent on their autonomy. For this reason, many efforts are being made to improve this property. A particular architecture for telecommunication receivers has been designed and is described i...
The satisfaction that mobile phones can provide is highly dependent on their autonomy. Three factors can be easily identified which have a strong influence on autonomy: the power consumption of the mobile phone, the intensity of the electromagnetic field near the mobile and the battery capacity. The first of...
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Application of GTEM Cells to Wireless Communication Transceiver Designs

The GTEM cell has been widely accepted as a sufficient tool in electromagnetic compatibility for both radiated susceptibility tests and radiated emission tests. In this article, the relationships among basic quantities such as input power, electric fie...
The gigahertz transverse electromagnetic mode (GTEM) cell was first proposed in 1987 1 and subsequently patented in 1989 by D. Konigstein and D. Hansen 2 as a high frequency variant of the transverse electromagnetic mode (TEM) cell, which is also known as the Crawford cell. 3 The GTEM cell...
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A Cost-effective Solution for Frequency Conversion of BTS Transmitters

As the wireless industry moves to implementation of 3G standards, wireless service providers are looking for ways to make the transition with the most rapid time-to-market and minimized design cost of new equipment. The TXC Series transmitting converters are designed for this environment, and allow base transceiver station (BTS)...
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Active CATV Splitters with High Isolation and Linearity

Splitting an RF input signal within a VCR or television was never much of a design challenge for manufacturers when the signal was analog. That changed dramatically, however, when CATV systems made the transition from analog to digital to provide addressability, video on demand, Internet access and other services....
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Defense Priority Ratings: Know the Rules

From the time a Department of Defense (DoD) program lands on the classified "secret" document known as the Master Urgency List (MUL), most orders placed to complete that program will have a priority rating. Most contractors and subcontractors who deal with these orders must therefore have a working understanding...
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A Dynamic Approach to Synthesizer Design

New developments in direct digital synthesis-based synthesizer technology
Broadband synthesizers based on direct digital synthesis (DDS) technology have traditionally led the industry in frequency agility and switching performance, but have also led in high NRE and recurring costs. These high costs stem from the custom nature of DDS-based synthesizers and have resulted in digital synthesizers being primarily...
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