Semiconductors / Integrated Circuits

The Receiver Noise Equation: A Method for System Level Design of an RF Receiver

Introduction to a new equation used to simplify the system level design of an RF receiver
Noise is a limiting factor for sensitive reception. In recent communication receivers, noise, along with many external factors, including intermodulation, reciprocal mixing and spurious response, may disturb the sensitive reception of the desired signal. Thus, much consideration for the noise and other factors that disturb the signal reception and...
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Design of a Generic 2.5 W, 60 Percent Bandwidth, C-band MMIC Amplifier

Description of the design and test data of a generic 2.5 W, two-stage, C-band MMIC power amplifier
During the past decade, there has been significant progress in monolithic power amplifiers operating at RF and microwave frequencies over narrow and broadbands for both commercial and military applications. For numerous applications, including handsets, VSAT and transmit/receive modules, these amplifiers are produced in large quantities using MESFET, HBT and...
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A Graded-gap Gunn Diode Voltage Controlled Oscillator for Adaptive Cruise Control

Introduction to a surface-mount, substrate-based Gunn diode voltage controlled oscillator for use in a 77 GHz frequency-modulated continuous wave radar sensor
Microwave sensors are increasingly finding commercial applications, particularly in the automotive industry. Here, advanced features are used to distinguish vehicles, while safety is a major consideration in new car purchases. Therefore, it is not surprising that radar technology has been adopted and implemented in adaptive cruise control (ACC) systems....
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The Development of Wide Angle Base Station Antennas from Arrays

Use of flat panel array base station antennas to produce wide angle beamwidths up to 120°
Phased array antennas are traditionally used to produce narrow beams from large apertures. In this mode of operation, every radiating element in the array is broadly co-phased. The radiation pattern of the antenna is then the product of both the individual radiating element characteristic pattern and the array factor....
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A Frequency Discriminator With a Small Footprint

Introduction to a compact, high performance dual-speed delay-line discriminator
Product Feature A Frequency Discriminator With a Small Footprint Merrimac Industries Inc. West Caldwell, NJ Delay-line frequency discriminators have long been fundamental components in radar warning receivers, instantaneous frequency measurement receivers (IFM) and angle of arrival interferometers. They offer a high performance alternative to I and Q networks in...
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Low Cost Millimeter-wave Packaged MMICs

A surface-mount device-packaged MMIC chipset for 26 GHz point-to-point and point-to-multipoint radio links is featured
Cover Feature Low Cost Millimeter-wave Packaged MMICs United Monolithic Semiconductors S.A.S. Orsay Cedex, France Millimeter-wave technology is being recognized as having potential for emerging markets, such as broadband radio links for cellular base station backhaul networking and automotive safety systems. For such development to occur, however, the requested volumes...
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LDMOS Linearity and Reliability

Introduction to a self-aligned shadow isolated LDMOS device designed to improve linearity and reliability
Technical Features LDMOS Linearity and Reliability Laterally diffused metal-oxide-semiconductor (LDMOS) devices have been available as high power, low frequency amplifiers for almost three decades. The original devices had problems with linearity and reliability. More recent developments have improved the device performance and make LDMOS suitable in cellular base station...
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Q- and V-band MMIC Low Noise Amplifiers

Demonstration of a design method for Q- and V-band low noise amplifiers based on a distributed pHEMT model and exact simulation
Technical Feature Q- and V-band MMIC Low Noise Amplifiers This article describes MMIC low noise amplifiers for millimeter-wave applications using 0.15 µ m pHEMT technology. The design emphasis is on the active device model. The deficiency of conventional device models is identified. A distributed device model has been adapted...
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Fibercom Clock Timing - A Review of PLL Solutions

Presentation of the emergence of photonic timing devices using phase-locked loops (PLL) for signal generation with challenges in jitter performance, size, power and cost
Tutorial Fibercom Clock Timing - A Review of PLL Solutions Bar-Giora Goldberg Peregrine Semiconductor Corp. San Diego, CA The fiber optics telecommunications market (called here photonics) has experienced huge growth in the last few years. Being a two-level digital transmission format, the requirements for clocking, timing, retiming and sometimes...
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An EM Simulator for MEMS and Real Life MMICs

Introduction to a low cost software package used to address the 3D EM analysis of structures involving complex substrates as encountered in common MMIC design
Product Feature An EM Simulator for MEMS and Real Life MMICs MEM Research Spoltore, Pescara, Italy Generally speaking, there are two large families of commercially available electromagnetic (EM) solvers. The first one is a general-purpose set, covering the analysis of arbitrarily shaped structures and using finite elements or differences,...
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