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Semiconductors / Integrated Circuits

The Use of Intermodulation Tables for Mixer Simulations

Use of intermodulation table files to accurately predict the output frequency content of an up-converting or down-converting mixer in system simulations
Technical Feature The Use of Intermodulation Tables for Mixer Simulations The use of intermodulation table (IMT) files can lead to accurate prediction of the output frequency content of an up-converting or down-converting mixer in system simulations. For best results, custom IMT files should be constructed from mixer output spectrum...
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Output Power Improvement of a Push-push FET DRO by Using an Additional DR

Measurement of the output power level and phase noise property of nine conventional push-push dielectric resonator oscillators (DRO) incorporating an additional DR
Technical Note Output Power Improvement of a Push-push FET DRO by Using an Additional DR In this article, the output power level and phase noise properties of nine conventional push-push dielectric resonator oscillators (DRO) have been experimentally investigated while adding an identical dielectric resonator (DR) at the drain ports....
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A Portable Base Station Installation and Commissioning Test System

Introduction to a base transceiver station test system capable of providing adaptable on-site testing for the verification of transmit and receive paths of base stations
Product Feature A Portable Base Station Installation and Commissioning Test System Racal Instruments Limited Slough, UK Testing in the field puts singular rigorous demands on both the engineer and test equipment used, with the installation and commissioning of field installed base stations presenting particular challenges. Specific considerations include being...
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Software for Optimizing the Design and Low Cost Production of Waveguide Filters

Presentation of a newly released coupled-cavity filter software developed to allow optimized design of millimeter-wave waveguide bandpass filters
Product Feature Software for Optimizing the Design and Low Cost Production of Waveguide Filters Zeland Software Inc. Fremont, CA Because of their low loss and high power-handling capability, waveguide filters have been widely used in telecommunications and wireless communications systems. The key to gaining a competitive edge in the...
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A Complete Spectral System Analysis for RF/Microwave Engineers

A new spectral domain system simulator is featured
Cover Feature A Complete Spectral System Analysis for RF/Microwave Engineers Eagleware Corp. Norcross, GA Historically, RF and microwave system designers have been forced to resort to a hodgepodge of commercial and custom-written software to characterize and simulate the frequency-domain behavior of complex RF systems and subsystems. This approach tends...
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WCDMA Application of Gain Blocks

Description of the detailed operating characteristics of InGaP HBT gain block products that are widely used in 2G, 2.5G and 3G applications
Product Feature WCDMA Application of Gain Blocks EiC Corp. Fremont, CA This article deals with the detailed operating characteristics of InGaP HBT gain block products that are widely used in 2G, 2.5G and 3G applications, using 3G WCDMA as the example. The linearity, expressed by adjacent channel leakage ratio...
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A New Wideband Family of Oscillators

Introduction to a new line of voltage controlled oscillators designed to increase power and widen bandwidth by incorporating multiple tuned circuits
Product Feature A New Wideband Family of Oscillators Vari-L Co. Inc. Denver, CO Modern communication systems are designed to handle ever increasing amounts of data by utilizing more bandwidth and more sophisticated modulation schemes. Voltage controlled oscillators (VCO) are used in almost all radio and RF applications including cell...
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Two-tone vs. Single-tone Measurement of Second-order Nonlinearity

Use of a method to correctly locate the second-order intercept point (IP2) from one- and two-tone tests
Technical Feature Two-tone vs. Single-tone Measurement of Second-order Nonlinearity Darioush Agahi, William Domino and Nooshin Vakilian Conexant Systems Inc. Newport Beach, CA This article describes how to correctly find the second-order intercept point (IP2) from one- and two-tone tests, and presents measurement results in support of the theory. Relation...
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Fixing the Curtice FET Model

Method used to prevent convergence difficulties in the Curtice model when parameter extraction is imperfect
Technical Feature Fixing the Curtice FET Model Convergence difficulties are common in nonlinear analyses of circuits using a Curtice model. The problem is not the model itself, but the limitations of the parameters describing the gate I/V characteristic. In this article, we show why that failure occurs, and how...
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Simulating Multi-finger HBTS

Introduction to a new model of multi-finger heterojunction bipolar transistors used to analyze and predict current collapse, bias dependence and output power
Technical Feature Simulating Multi-finger Power HBTs A new model of multi-finger heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBT) is presented to analyze and predict current collapse, bias dependence and output power. The simulation of multi-finger HBTs has proven to be very challenging in both computer-aided design and electromagnetic (EM) simulation. However, by...
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