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Semiconductors / Integrated Circuits

Development of an Advanced Airborne Precipitation Radar

January 1, 2003
Radar has been used for observation of weather since the 1940s. 1 Advances in weather radar include the incorporation of Doppler capability, which allows measurement of wind velocity, and the use of multiple polarizations, which enhance rainfall estimation and provide the ability to discriminate between types of hydrometeors, such...
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A 2.4 GHz CMOS Power Amplifier with 20 dBm Output Power for Bluetooth and WLAN Applications

This article presents a 2.4 GHz CMOS power amplifier (PA) with an output power of 20 dBm using a 0.25 µm 1P5M standard CMOS process. The PA uses a diode connected NMOS transistor functioning as a diode linearizer. It is believed that this is the first ...
January 1, 2003
Due to the fast development of wireless communications, a low cost, high performance, high integration technology is needed for system on a chip (SOC) implementation. The CMOS technology provides a good solution for SOC integration. 1 Recent improvements of the standard CMOS process make it possible to implement RF...
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An RF Module Design for a Multi-mode Handset

This article describes a novel design of an RF module for a multi-mode handset and presents an example of an RF module for a W-CDMA/GSM/DCS tri-band and dual-mode handset. The entire module, including a direct modulation transmitter and a superheterody...
January 1, 2003
The number of mobile users is predicted to reach 1.7 billion by the year 2010. More than 45 percent of them will use high data speed services. W-CDMA, proposed by IMT2000, has become the most practical and important system for the development of new wireless communications. Nevertheless, second generation...
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Interactive Interdigital Filter Design Using MMICAD Software

January 1, 2003
Successful microwave circuit realization requires flexible circuit analysis tools that allow engineers to prototype, analyze and verify their circuits. Today, available software tools offer standard features such as frequency analysis, tuning and optimization, but are differentiated by their model libraries and special customization capabilities. This article describes the design...
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New Substrate Technology for High Performance Circuits and Systems

December 1, 2002
A new substrate technology has been developed that addresses the dense component placement, high heat dissipation, harsh environments and high frequencies associated with high performance devices such as microwave amplifiers for base stations, broadband amplifiers designed into multi-media networks, and high power microwave power combiners with on-board terminations. The...
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A Fully-integrated 5 GHz 0.18 µm CMOS VCO for 802.11a WLAN Applications

This article presents a fully-integrated 5 GHz CMOS voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) for a U-NII band 802.11a WLAN application. The VCO core circuit uses only PMOS fabricated with the 0.18 mm 1P6M standard CMOS process to obtain better phase noise p...
December 1, 2002
Due to the fast growing demand for broadband wireless communications, the operating frequency is moving toward the 5 GHz U-NII band. With a maximum data rate of 54 Mbps, the IEEE 802.11a wireless LAN (WLAN) standard specifies a 300 MHz allocation of spectrum in the 5 GHz range that...
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High Efficiency Class B, E and F Power Amplifiers: The Magic of Parallel Circuits

December 1, 2002
Modern commercial and military communication systems require high efficiency, long term operating conditions. For this purpose, the power amplifiers, as final and highly current-consuming transmitter elements, are developed using the high efficiency class B, F or E modes of operation, depending on the technical requirements. In class B operation,...
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A Fast and Flexible Circuit Board Plotter

November 1, 2002
When employing circuit board plotters for product development the main requirement is for fast, efficient and flexible operation. Consequently, the high costs incurred by the long waiting periods inherent when externally procuring circuit board prototypes, particularly those with RF substrates, can be avoided. The ProtoMat 95s/II meets these requirements,...
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Active Multipliers and Dividers to Simplify Synthesizers

A new family of active frequency multipliers and dividers is featured this month
November 1, 2002
Modern frequency synthesis uses a combination of frequency multiplication and frequency division to generate the required data and carrier signals for microwave radio and radar applications. Frequency multiplication increases the carrier frequency while increasing the phase noise of the carrier by 20log(N), where N is the multiplication factor. Conversely,...
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A Cost-effective 2 W GaAs MMIC Amplifier Solution

November 1, 2002
GaAs HBT technology has been successfully deployed for low to mid-power MMIC RF amplifiers in recent years. EiC Corp. pioneered the use of an InGaP emitter for RF power amplifiers and first introduced gain block products in 1998. InGaP/GaAs HBT devices have proven to provide better performance and be...
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