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Passive Components

Rigorous Analytical Expressions for the Electromagnetic Parameters of Rectangular Coaxial Couplers with Circular and Square Inner Conductors

<p>This article presents a set of accurate closed-form formulas for the primary parameters (inductance [L] and capacitance [C] matrices) and the impedances (Z<span class="storybodysubscript">oe</span>, Z<span class="storybodysubscript">oo</span>) of th...
The electrical properties of a loss-less coupler, using TEM mode coupled lines, can be described in terms of even- (Z oe ) and odd- (Z oo ) mode impedances and its primary parameters [L] and [C] matrices 2 where L o and C o are the proper inductance and...
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A Dual-band Branch-line Coupler Using Quasi-composite Right/Left-handed Transmission Lines

A quasi-RH/LH dual-band 3 dB branch-line coupler (BLC) constructed in microstrip form is proposed. The designed BLC circuit replaces the conventional chip inductors in the coupler arms with microstrip stubs for easier circuit integration and lower fabr...
Branch-line couplers (BLC) are widely used as 90° signal dividers in microwave and millimeter-wave circuits. A BLC can provide two quadrature-phased signals from a single local oscillator for use in image rejection mixers. 1 It can be used as part of the feeding network for antennas to produce circularly...
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The Grid Amplifier: Enabling High Power Millimeter-wave Systems

There are a number of communications, radar and imaging applications spanning Ka-band through W-band (26 to 110 GHz) that require transmitter output powers in the range of a few watts to a few tens of watts. Vacuum-tube sources and amplifiers have long been available that can produce output power...
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An Actively-controlled Microwave Reflecting Surface with Binary-pattern Modulation

This article describes an actively-controlled reflecting surface, capable of modulating the microwave energy incident upon it. The surface is a composite structure holding an array of conventional semiconductor diodes excited with a set of pulses in a ...
For specific applications, there is a need for materials or composite structures which can reflect and/or absorb the electromagnetic (EM) energy incident upon them in a desired or controllable fashion. Such reflective EM absorbing/reflecting materials 1-3 are useful in designing smart radar cross-section (smart RCS) surfaces and radio frequency...
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Subminiature Broadband Coaxial Switches for VXI Applications

In recent years the VXIbus architecture has proven to be a versatile interface standard for instruments from many diverse manufacturers to operate within the same mainframe. The VXIbus incorporates the user-friendly features of instruments designed to operate within the General Purpose Interface Bus (GPIB) (for example, using ASCII-level programming)...
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High Performance UMTS Circulators and Isolators

The data rate evolution necessary to meet new mobile telecommunication standards (9.6 kb/s for GSM, 115.2 kb/s for GPRS, 384 kb/s for EDGE and 2 Mb/s for UMTS) demands the use of wider bandwidth and bandwidth-efficient linear modulation techniques. Therefore, telecommunication manufacturers require improved specifications for 3G standards. In...
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Design and Evaluation of a High Selectivity Combline Bandpass Filter

Quasi-planar combline bandpass filters have been realized in suspended substrate stripline. The coupling between non-adjacent resonators and the composite effect of N quasi-TEM modes excited from N-coupled lines are considered. The design approach is b...
Advances in MIC and MMIC technology have motivated the demand for compact, high performance filters, diplexers and multiplexers used in microwave receiver systems. Combline bandpass filters have been in great demand because of their structural compactness and excellent wide stop-band performance. They are easy to fabricate in printed circuit...
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