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Passive Components

High Frequency Prescalers for Advanced Synthesizer Applications

Inphi Corp.
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Modern digital communications, instrumentation, electronic warfare and radar systems require high frequency and/or broadband synthesizers that are stable in frequency and exhibit low phase noise at frequencies up to 50 GHz. Prescalers are typically used in phase-locked loop circuits for these synthesizer applications. A prescaler converts the RF input...
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Miniaturized Ferrite Switch Networks

EMS Technologies Inc.
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Ferrite switching networks have a wide variety of uses in commercial and military, space and terrestrial, and low and high power applications. These include low noise amplifier (LNA) redundancy switches, T/R modules, high power isolators and switch matrices. Ferrite switches are desirable for these applications due to their high...
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Precision Phase and Amplitude Matched IF Filters for Monopulse Radar

Trilithic
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Monopulse (or simultaneous lobing) radars quickly gained popularity after their 1943 introduction by the US Naval Research Laboratories. Their principal benefit - the ability to obtain complete range, bearing, azimuth and elevation angle information from the return of a single pulse - is very appealing in applications such as...
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A Novel Class of High Selectivity Filters and Duplexers in Microstrip Technology

This article describes a novel configuration for high selectivity bandpass filters and duplexers in microstrip technology. The structure proposed is made of single-sided filters, which are characterized by requirements in one passband and one stopband,...
Giuseppe Macchiarella, Politecnico di Milano; Alberto Bovatti, FOREM S.r.l.
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Modern communication systems often require narrow band filters presenting high selectivity and low insertion loss. When there are also stringent requirements on the overall dimensions of the filtering structure, it could become very problematic to select a suitable class of resonators having at the same time compactness and large...
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A Novel Simulation Tool for PN Junction Varactors Based on Finite Difference Approximations

The estimation of the resistance of varactors used in integrated circuits for RF applications is a difficult task. This article presents a novel simulation tool for estimating the two main varactor parameters: resistance and capacitance. Once the capac...
N. Sainz, I. Gutierrez, A. Muñoz and J. de Nó, TECNUN; E. Hernández and A. Garciá-Alonso, CEIT
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Integrated voltage-controlled capacitors, usually known as varactors, are used in many electronic integrated devices for RF applications. 1 In particular, voltage-controlled oscillators (VCO) 2,3 and tuneable filters 4 are the two main applications. For good performance of integrated devices that have a varactor as a component, it is very...
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A Reduced-size Power Divider Using the Coupled Line Equivalent to a Lumped Inductor

A new method of reducing the size of a power divider using quarter-wave length transmission lines is proposed. The method utilizes a combination of shorted coupled lines instead of lumped inductors and capacitors. The new hybrid is simply fabricated wi...
In-Ho Kang and Jin-San Park, Korea Maritime University
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In many applications, such as balanced power amplifiers, mixers and antenna systems, power dividers/combiners are required. Power dividers using quarter-wave lines become prohibitively large at the lower frequencies and result in MMIC chips of larger size and higher cost. The lumped-element approach, which uses lumped inductors and capacitors, is...
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Two New High Performance Resonator Materials

Temex
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In the telecoms and other RF component markets, today's climate means that there can no longer be a trade-off between cost and performance - the designer needs to achieve both. Temex has recognized this fact and addressed it through the evolution of two new generations of materials on which...
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Design of a TRM Calibration Kit for the ZMA Coaxial Interface Using Ansoft HFSS

When new coaxial interfaces become available, it is important to validate their performance. The best way to do this is by using a calibration kit that eliminates the effects of adapters in the measurement. This article discusses the design and impleme...
Clara E. Centeno-Calero, SV Microwave Inc.
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One of the greatest challenges in characterizing new coaxial interfaces is to determine an accurate test configuration. When precision airlines are not available it is very difficult to obtain a true measurement of the device under test. It becomes necessary to design and implement calibration standards to eliminate the...
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Fast and Accurate High Power Device Characterization with a Microstrip SOL Method

High power device characterizations, performed with a microstrip short-open-load (SOL) calibration kit, are presented. This article demonstrates an interesting alternative to the classical through-reflect-line (TRL) method, when only terminating impeda...
Pierre Bertram, Thales Air Defense
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Precise device characterization is the starting point of any good circuit design. This task can be particularly challenging when the device is a high power transistor having low input and output impedances. For devices working only under pulse conditions, specific test benches exist 1 but are rather complicated and...
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100 W RF Transistor for 900 MHz Cellular Applications

Motorola Semiconducteurs S.A.S.
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Upcoming generations of cellular radio systems such as GSM EDGE or UMTS require increasing power levels to meet linearity requirements of transmitted signals. To reduce overall costs, equipment manufacturers aim at reducing the number of transistors in their RF power amplifiers. The consequence is a constant demand for bigger...
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