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Passive Components

A Helical Resonator-based Filter with Improved Skirt Selectivity

Helical type resonators are widely used for frequencies below 0.5 GHz, mainly for mass and dimensional considerations. Replacing the more traditional TEM combline types or dielectric resonators by helical resonators significantly reduces the size and mass of the filters at the expense of the insertion loss. The rather complicated...
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Design of Bias Tees for a Pulsed-bias, Pulsed-RF Test System Using Accurate Component Models

In this article, a design of custom bias tees to be used in a pulsed-bias, pulsed-RF measurement system is described. The bias tee design is such that the DC path allows bias pulses to pass through to the device unchanged, while still allowing RF measu...
This article describes the design of a bias tee for a pulsed-bias, pulsed-RF test system. The cut-off frequency of the DC path was raised to allow pulsing of the bias signal. The theory of bias tee design for pulsed measurements is first presented. The simulation results for the design...
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Novel Low Pass Filters Using a Defected Microstrip Structure

In this article, the stop-band characteristics of a novel defected microstrip structure (DMS) are studied and its application to a low pass filter is proposed. The equivalent circuit model of the unit defected microstrip structure is used to explain th...
A novel defected microstrip structure (DMS), which behaves in a way similar to the known defected ground structure (DGS) unit cell, 1–10 is studied in this article. The unit DMS 3,4 is made by etching slots in the microstrip line, which then exhibits the property of rejecting microwaves at...
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Rigorous Analytical Expressions for the Electromagnetic Parameters of Rectangular Coaxial Couplers with Circular and Square Inner Conductors

<p>This article presents a set of accurate closed-form formulas for the primary parameters (inductance [L] and capacitance [C] matrices) and the impedances (Z<span class="storybodysubscript">oe</span>, Z<span class="storybodysubscript">oo</span>) of th...
The electrical properties of a loss-less coupler, using TEM mode coupled lines, can be described in terms of even- (Z oe ) and odd- (Z oo ) mode impedances and its primary parameters [L] and [C] matrices 2 where L o and C o are the proper inductance and...
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A Dual-band Branch-line Coupler Using Quasi-composite Right/Left-handed Transmission Lines

A quasi-RH/LH dual-band 3 dB branch-line coupler (BLC) constructed in microstrip form is proposed. The designed BLC circuit replaces the conventional chip inductors in the coupler arms with microstrip stubs for easier circuit integration and lower fabr...
Branch-line couplers (BLC) are widely used as 90° signal dividers in microwave and millimeter-wave circuits. A BLC can provide two quadrature-phased signals from a single local oscillator for use in image rejection mixers. 1 It can be used as part of the feeding network for antennas to produce circularly...
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The Grid Amplifier: Enabling High Power Millimeter-wave Systems

There are a number of communications, radar and imaging applications spanning Ka-band through W-band (26 to 110 GHz) that require transmitter output powers in the range of a few watts to a few tens of watts. Vacuum-tube sources and amplifiers have long been available that can produce output power...
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An Actively-controlled Microwave Reflecting Surface with Binary-pattern Modulation

This article describes an actively-controlled reflecting surface, capable of modulating the microwave energy incident upon it. The surface is a composite structure holding an array of conventional semiconductor diodes excited with a set of pulses in a ...
For specific applications, there is a need for materials or composite structures which can reflect and/or absorb the electromagnetic (EM) energy incident upon them in a desired or controllable fashion. Such reflective EM absorbing/reflecting materials 1-3 are useful in designing smart radar cross-section (smart RCS) surfaces and radio frequency...
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