Antennas

Flash in the Plan

Directed-energy weapons remain more experimental than available.
The detonation by the United States of a nuclear warhead 30,000 feet above Johnston Atoll in July 1962 lit up the night sky above the Hawaiian Islands, 800 miles away. It also created a power surge that shut down the streetlights and phone system of Oahu as well as...
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Application of GTEM Cells to Wireless Communication Transceiver Designs

The GTEM cell has been widely accepted as a sufficient tool in electromagnetic compatibility for both radiated susceptibility tests and radiated emission tests. In this article, the relationships among basic quantities such as input power, electric fie...
The gigahertz transverse electromagnetic mode (GTEM) cell was first proposed in 1987 1 and subsequently patented in 1989 by D. Konigstein and D. Hansen 2 as a high frequency variant of the transverse electromagnetic mode (TEM) cell, which is also known as the Crawford cell. 3 The GTEM cell...
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Generating a Plane Wave in the Near Field with a Planar Array Antenna

This article presents a method of generating an approximate plane wave in the near field using a planar phased array antenna. Optimized complex array weights are found using a genetic algorithm and a least squares solution. The genetic algorithm (GA) p...
Measuring far field antenna patterns requires separating the transmit antenna and the antenna under test (AUT) by a large distance in order to minimize the field amplitude and phase variations across the test aperture. When the AUT is many wavelengths across, the far field distance becomes quite large. Thus,...
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An Ultrabroadband Indoor Antenna with Style

Wireless communication applications have really taken off over the past two decades. In addition to voice services, wireless systems are now also handling an increasing volume of data traffic, with a demand for high transmission capacities. To provide these capacities, mobile radio cells (AMPS, GSM, PCS and UMTS) are...
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Dual Slant Linearly Polarized Antenna for Broadband High Power Applications

Enhanced performance is needed from antennas, radomes and other microwave components to support ever-increasing functionality for military communications and electronic warfare (EW) applications. There is a continuing demand for antennas with broader bandwidth, higher power handling and better controlled radiation patterns, while at the same time reducing size and...
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A Small, Low Cost Antenna for WLAN and Bluetooth Applications

Wireless device manufacturers today must fit a growing amount of functionality into continuously decreasing circuit board space. In particular, finding space for the antenna without compromising its performance characteristics has become a major challenge. The AccuWave™ 5800 antenna is an ultra-small tri-band device designed to provide full coverage of...
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A Wideband and High Gain Microstrip Four-slot Antenna Array

A numerical simulation and an experimental implementation of a cross-shaped, microstripline-fed, printed, four-element slot antenna array are presented in this article. The proposed antenna, with a relative permittivity of 4.3 and a thickness of 1.0 mm...
Since microwave communications equipment is low profile and light weight, low profile and light weight antennas are essential. A microstrip antenna has been developed to meet this requirement. Microstrip antennas offer a conformal structure, low cost and ease of integration with solid-state devices, and are low profile and lightweight....
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