Calculating an accurate trace width is important in RF PC board design. Proper trace width is necessary to guarantee the desired DC current can be transported without overheating or damaging your PC board. By providing input values such as current, board thickness, temperature rise, ambient temperature and trace length your able to calculate an estimate of the internal and external trace width layers for a given current and copper weight. The trace width design tool is based on the charts in IPC-2221 (A) equations.
This calculator is helps calculate the value of the resistors R1, R2 and R3 in a T-pad and Pi-pad attenuator. The user only needs to enter the attenuation in decibels (dB) and the given input and output characteristic impedance of the transmission lines to be matched.
This tool helps you analyze a Butterworth and Chebysheve filter response using frequency inputs. To use this calculator, you simply change the upper, lower frequencies as well as the order. For Chebyshev filter designs input the ripple in dB. As you move to another input field, the output values and graph will automatically update showing you the response of the filter.
Analog Filter Wizard
Use the Analog Filter Wizard to design low-pass, high-pass or band-pass filters with actual op amps in minutes. As you progress through the design process, you can observe the characteristics of your filter design from ideal specifications to real world circuit behavior. Quickly evaluate the tradeoffs in op amp specifications-including gain-bandwidth, noise and supply current–to determine the best filter design for your requirements.
Allows the determination of resistor values for the following:
Attenuator Resistor Calculator
Attenuator Resistor Calculator determines the resistor values for Pi, Tee and Bridged Tee Attenuator fixed attenuators. Users simply enter their required attenuation level and system impedance, and the calculator displays the required resistor values.
Free Online (Requires Registration)
Dielectric Laboratories Inc. (DLI)
DLI’s web based CapCad™ capacitor modeling software was developed to provide customers with an easy to use and readily accessible comparison tool for choosing the best Single-Layer, Multi Layer or Broadband Blocking capacitor to suit the customer’s needs. CapCad™ includes SPICE models with values that reflect typical performance at the chosen frequencies and temperatures that are of importance to an application. The user also has the ability to plot 2-port Scattering Parameters, Impedance, Q Factor or Equivalent Capacitance over any frequency span from 1 MHz to 40 GHz while maintaining the ability to adjust the temperature and note how it may affect the performance. CapCad™ also includes a Smith Chart utility and the ability to copy the S-parameter data in touchtone format (s2p).
Pasternack's CRA Calculator finds capacitance, reactance and admittance given the operating frequency and either the capacitance or the reactance.
CST STUDIO SUITE
CST STUDIO SUITE® is an industry-leading EM simulation tool, with multiple solvers for suitable for a wide range of applications. These can be used to design and optimize RF components both in isolation and as part of systems. The tools Filter Designer 2D and Filter Designer 3D can be used to synthesise and tune circuit, planar and cavity filters, including cross-coupled filters.
FEST3D is a software tool capable of analysing complex passive microwave components based on waveguide technology (such as multiplexers, couplers, filters…) in very short computational times with high accuracy. FEST3D achieves this by the use of the most advanced algorithms based on full-wave electromagnetic analysis methods.
K&L Microwave’s Filter Wizard® software simplifies the selection of the right filter product for your application by synthesizing a custom design. Provide the Filter Wizard with your desired specifications, and the software will return a list of products that match. If the Filter Wizard selection algorithm cannot match the criteria specified, you will be forwarded to our quote request page. Choose the Filter Wizard link to begin specifying and selecting a filter or the products link for more information.
This tool displays the contours of constant image rejection as a function of phase and amplitude error. After the user inputs a specific error condition, the program computes the image rejection and displays the result on the graph along with the contours. This visual representation allows the user to see which error is most significant, thereby offering a path to improved performance.
Free Online (Requires Registration)
Pasternack's IRA Calculator finds inductance, reactance and admittance given the operating frequency and either the inductance or the reactance.
Marki Spur Calculator
Marki Microwave’s spur calculator has two modes: the spur web and spectrum analyzer. Like most similar calculators, spur web will show what spurious products to expect in a basic conversion (up or down) from a given input and output band. The unique spectrum analyzer view shows what the theoretical output of a mixer displayed on a spectrum analyzer if two given single frequencies were input to a mixer. In this case there are two discrete input frequencies and the graph shows the location of different spurs at each output frequency, along with their power level. The standard spur power calculation performed by the spur calculator is based on Bert Henderson's spur model for double balanced mixers ("Predicting Intermodulation Suppression in Double-Balanced Mixers", The Communications Edge, Vol. 10, No. 4, August 1983). Marki Microwave’s Spur Calculator is available online here.
Mixer Spurs Calculator
José Luis Flores, AT4 Wireless
A new method for mixer spurs calculation has been developed which is easier and more straightforward to use than the traditional spurs chart approach when dealing with the frequency plan optimization in broadband double conversion transceivers suitable for applications as multi-band, multi-standard and Software Defined Radio. A full technical article describing this new method can be found here.
N-Way Power Divider Calculator
Pasternack's N-Way Power Divider Calculator allows you to calculate the total path loss (in dB) you can expect based on the number of output ports on an RF power splitter device (up to 16 ports).
RF Inductor Comparison Tool
This interactive online comparison tool for RF inductors replaces manual methods and helps prevent false starts in the design of new microwave and RF circuits. The user enters his/her operating frequency between 1 MHz and 3 GHz, then selects up to four inductors to compare using pull-down lists to pick the product series and inductance value. The results screen provides a table showing specifications for each part at the user’s own operating frequency: inductance, Q factor, impedance and equivalent series resistance (ESR). Below that, these same parameters are graphed to show performance over the 1 MHz to 3 GHz frequency range. Each part is plotted in a different color to make it easy to distinguish. And because they all appear side-by side on the same grid, it’s easy to quickly spot the best performer at any frequency.
RF Passive Design Calculators
These calculators, courtesy of Chemandy Electronics, are designed to be easy to use and follow a common theme and layout where possible.
RF Passive Design Calculators
The following is a collection of passive electronic design calculators from Daycounter, Inc., a rapid product development services company.
Tank Circuit Resonance Calculator
Pasternack's Tank Circuit Resonance Calculator calculates a system's resonant frequency.
Rotman Lens Designer®
Rotman Lens Designer (RLD) is a software tool for the design, synthesis and analysis of Rotman Lenses and their variants. It is based on geometrical optics combined with classical Rotman Lens design equations. It generates the proper lens contours, transmission line geometry, absorptive port (dummy port) geometry, provides an approximate analysis of performance and produces geometry files for import into Remcom's XFdtd® for further analysis and fabrication.
The RF Module, an add-on product to the COMSOL Multiphysics® simulation software, enables engineers to analyze RF, microwave, mmWave and THz designs in multiphysics scenarios. Multiphysics modeling allows the analysis of both traditional electromagnetic wave propagation and resonant behavior of circuits and temperature-dependent material properties and structural deformation. The RF Module also allows for the extraction of parameters that are difficult or impossible to measure in a lab setting. The software features a number of examples for the modeling of filters, power dividers, cavities, lumped elements and couplers based on a microstrip line and a coplanar waveguide (CPW).
For more information visit: www.comsol.com/rf-module